The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) is a screening tool designed specifically for older adults who may need further evaluation for depression. It is a valuable and reliable measurement tool used in clinical practice and research programs. If you suspect you are suffering from depression, you can answer the questions yourself.
Instructions: Choose the best answer for how you have felt over the past week.
|1||Are you basically satisfied with your life?|
|2||Have you dropped many of your activities and interests?|
|3||Do you feel that your life is empty?|
|4||Do you often get bored?|
|5||Are you in good spirits most of the time?|
|6||Are you afraid that something bad is going to happen to you?|
|7||Do you feel happy most of the time?|
|8||Do you often feel helpless?|
Do you prefer to stay at home, rather than going out and doing things?
|10||Do you feel that you have more problems with memory than most?|
|11||Do you think it is wonderful to be alive now?|
|12||Do you feel worthless the way you are now?|
|13||Do you feel full of energy?|
|14||Do you feel that your situation is hopeless?|
|15||Do you think that most people are better off than you are?|
Scoring: Score one point if you answered NO to Questions 1, 5 7, 11, 13. Score one point if you answered YES to Questions 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15. Total your points.
If you have a score of five or more points, you should contact your health care provider for further evaluation.
Author: Jerry Yesavage, M.D., Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University Medical Center. Reference: Yesavage JA, Brink TL, Rose TL, Lum O, Huang V, Adey MB, Leirer VO: Development and validation of a geriatric depression screening scale: A preliminary report. Journal of Psychiatric Research. 17: 37-49, 1983.